The measure of Zakah obligatory on gold, silver and paper currencies is one-fourth of a tenth= 2.5%
the pilgrim puts the House to his left and circumambulates seven times completely, starting from the Black stone and ending with it.
Purification literally means cleanliness and freeness from dirt. While in the context of Islamic Jurisprudence (Shari’ah), it means the removal of impurities and filth.
Salah is the best action that a person can do. The Prophet, prayers and peace be upon him has said: “The best action is Salah at its beginning time.”
Intention for Fasting should be made at night before dawn, if it is a compulsory fasting. But this (making intention at night before dawn) is not mandatory, if the fasting is supererogatory.